Monday, April 2, 2018

Final Deliverables for On-Farm Biochar for Composting with Manure

During the course of this three year project, we manufactured more than 30 kilns and made about 75 cubic yards of biochar that got used in cattle barns, goat barns, rabbit hutches, chicken coops, horse stables, alpaca barns, worm bins and outhouses. We did many pot trials and several field trials with the resulting biochar composts. Read all about it in the final technical report and the practice guidelines we wrote with You in mind!

Deliverables from the NRCS Conservation Innovation Grant: On-Farm Production and Use of Biochar for Composting with Manure:

Final Technical Report

Appendix: Field and Farm Reports
Appendix: Practice Guidelines (all guidelines in one document)
Practice Guideline: Using a Flame Cap Kiln
Practice Guideline: Kiln Construction Drawings (Oregon Kiln and Ring of Fire Kiln)
Practice Guideline: How to Use Biochar in Barns
Practice Guideline: How to Use Biochar in Compost
Practice Guideline: Plant Bioassays to Evaluate Biochar Compost
How inventions are made
How inventions are made
Timing everything

Wednesday, March 7, 2018

Successful Biochar Demo in Eugene

O.J. Romo and Scott McKain demonstrated a double wall Ring of Fire and a Weber barbeque for the Lane County Master Gardeners March 3. It was a bright group with lots of probing questions. Included was a retired biochemist and Forest Service people. A terrific potluck meal followed. Thanks for the opportunity!

Monday, February 26, 2018

UCC Welding Students Complete Kiln Drawings

A big shout-out of thanks to Ian Fisher's students at the Umpqua Community College Welding Department! They have completed a set of drawings for the Oregon Kiln and for the Ring of Fire Kiln. Please share these far and wide. These are open source designs created by the Umpqua Biochar Education Team.

UBET Kiln Drawings are:
Open Source Design: Attribution-Share Alike CC BY-SA

Download the drawings here:

Wednesday, February 21, 2018

New NRCS CSP Enhancement Supports Biochar Production

The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) has a program to support conservation practices, called the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP). From the NRCS website:

The Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) presents a significant shift in how the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) provides conservation program payments. CSP participants will receive an annual land use payment for operation-level environmental benefits they produce. Under CSP, participants are paid for conservation performance: the higher the operational performance, the higher their payment.

The CSP has been re-designed in recent years and is now more friendly to smaller landowners. However, there is still a high bar to enter the program, and it requires landowners to work closely with NRCS staff to design conservation programs for the land.

The essence of the program is an annual payment to reward conservation efforts and encourage additional conservation activities. These activities are also called "enhancements" because they enhance the ongoing conservation practices of the landowner.

From the NRCS website:
Enhancements are management activities that go above and beyond the minimum conservation practice standard requirements helping the producer achieve a higher level of conservation.

A new NRCS CSP Enhancement now supports biochar production as part of larger activities around vegetation management. Here is a summary of the new biochar enhancement:

Enhancement Code: E384135Z
  • Cause of Resource Concern: Wildfire Hazard, Excessive Biomass Accumulation
  • Title of Enhancement: Biochar production from woody residue
  • Enhancement Description: Utilizes woody debris remaining after fuel reduction harvests or wildfires to create biochar. Biochar stores carbon and is a useful soil amendment that improves SOM and water-holding capacity.
Here is the list of Enhancements:  Download Activity_Lists

And a detailed description of the E384135Z Biochar Enhancement:  Download E384135Z update

The payment for this enhancement is on a per acre basis. Payment is listed on line 335 of this NRCS payment schedule:   Download FY18_CStwP_01192018

In order to take advantage of this opportunity, landowners will have to have a good idea of how to implement the biochar activities supported. This will require knowledge of how to use biochar kilns, how to prepare and stage feedstocks, and how to integrate biochar logistics into a logging or vegetation management plan.

Wilson Biochar Associates produced a recent report for the North Dakota Forest Service as an example of how to estimate resource needs and costs for this kind of biochar activity. This report was based on experiences working with UBET members on various projects, including our Drew Veg Project:
WBA Converting Shelterbelt to Biochar-1 Download WBA Converting Shelterbelt to BiocharLoRes

UBET and WBA work featured on Fire Science Network

Southern Rockies Fire Science Network has created a page of materials based on the work of UBET and Wilson Biochar Associates. It's great to have these all in one place, accessible to fire science professionals!

Here is the link:

Wednesday, November 29, 2017

Biochar Along Takilma Rd Today

Here's a link to today's biochar pictures We had a crew 6 of working at Art & Jude's. Jeff, Kristin and Monty worked along Takilma rd and made 3 batches - a bit less than 3 cubic yards of biochar. Art, Jude and Chas took the tractor kilns over to the back pasture and made another 2 cubic yards. Wood was a bit wet and smokier than we would have liked, but still not too bad. We will be back by Takilma Rd just north of the Page Creek turn off tomorrow if people want to come by and see what we are doing. Next week will burn several days at other nearby properties, making biochar for the landowners.